LANGUAGES OF EUROPE
The languages spoken in Europe (in its strictly geographical sense) are estimated at 150-200. They extend over five unrelated language families and Basque, an isolated language. Up to the present day, less than 20% of the languages of Europe have been represented in phraseology research, and reliable phraseological data exist for less than 10% of the European languages.
We would ask all members of the European Society of Phraseology, experts of as many languages as possible, for their cooperation. The following European languages are particularly needed:
- Indo-European: Armenian; Romance languages: Corsican, Friulian, Gascon; the Iranian languages on the European side (e.g. Ossetic)
- most of the Uralic languages: Mansi and many Finno-Ugric languages (e.g. Permyak). Other languages still need substantial support: Komi-Zyrian, Karelian, Mari, Mordvin Erzya, Mordvin Moksha, North Sami, Udmurt, Vepsian.
- most of the Altaic languages: Kalmyk and most of the Turkic languages on the European side, e.g. Crimean Tatar, Gagauz, Kazakh, Nogai, Tatar etc.
- most of the Caucasian languages, i.e. the Abkhaz-Adyge, Nakh-Dagestanian and Kartvelian phyla
Dialects and non-European languages are also welcome.
Abbreviations of the language names
the Finno-Ugric languages and Tundra Nenets (belonging to the Samoyed languages)
the Turkic languages and Kalmyk (a Mongolian language)
the North East Caucasian, West Caucasian and South Caucasian languages
|Alb||Albanian||Aro||Aromanian||Azb||Azerbaijani||Bas||Basque||Blr||Belorusian||Bos||Bosnian||Bre||Breton||Bul||Bulgarian||Cat||Catalan||Cor||Cornish||Cro||Croatian||Cze||Czech||Dan||Danish||Dut||Dutch||Eng||English||Erz||Erzya Mordvin||Est||Estonian||Far||Faroese||Fin||Finnish||Fre||French||Frp||Franco-Provençal||Gal||Galician||Geo||Georgian||Ger||German||Gre||Greek||Hun||Hungarian||Ice||Icelandic||Iri||Irish||Ita||Italian||Kar||Karelian||Kas||Kashubian||Kom||Komi-Zyrian||Krm||Karaim||Lad||Ladin||Lat||Latvian||Lit||Lithuanian||Log||Low German||Lux||Luxemburgish||Mac||Macedonian||Mal||Maltese||Mar||Mari||Mok||Moksha Mordvin||Nfr||North Frisian||Nor||Norwegian||Occ||Occitan||Pol||Polish||Por||Portuguese||Prv||Provençal||Rms||Romansh||Rom||Romanian||Rus||Russian||Sam||Sami||Sar||Sardinian||Sco||Scots||Ser||Serbian||Sle||Slovene||Slo||Slovakian||Sor||Upper-Sorbian||Spa||Spanish||Swe||Swedish||Swg||Swiss German||Tat||Tatar||Tur||Turkish||Udm||Udmurt||Ukr||Ukrainian||Vep||Veps||Wel||Welsh||Wfr||West Frisian|
*Yiddish and some dialects cannot be depicted on the map.